178. Neofinetia Hu, Rhodora. 27: 107. 1925.
风兰属 feng lan shu
Authors: Xinqi Chen & Jeffrey J. Wood
Finetia Schlechter, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36: 140. 1918, not Gagnepain (1917); Nipponorchis Masamune, nom. illeg. superfl.
Herbs, epiphytic, small, monopodial. Roots many, slightly flattened. Stems erect, enclosed in leaf sheaths, short, many leaved. Leaves distichous, narrow, ± conduplicate toward base, dorsally carinate, jointed and sheathing at base. Inflorescence axillary, racemose, laxly few flowered. Flowers opening widely, medium-sized. Sepals and petals free, similar; lip spurred at base, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect; mid-lobe spreading, with appendages at base; spur slender, cylindric, rather long, sometimes slightly curved. Column short, thick, winged, footless; rostellum furcate-bifid; anther cap narrowed at apex; pollinia 2, cleft, waxy, globose; stipe narrowly ovate-cuneate, geniculate-curved; viscidium broadly ovate, broader than stipe.
Three species: China, Japan, Korea; three species (two endemic) in China.