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27. Notopterygium H. de Boissieu, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2. 3: 838. 1903.

羌活属 qiang huo shu

She Menglan (佘孟兰 Sheh Meng-lan); Mark F. Watson

Herbs perennial. Root woody; caudex usually stout-tuberous, aromatic. Stem hollow, terete, erect, often purplish, especially at base. Leaves 2–3-ternate-pinnate or pinnatisect; petiolate, sheaths membranous, clasping; ultimate segments oblong or oblong-ovate. Umbels loose compound, terminal and lateral; bracts few, deciduous; bracteoles few to many, linear or pinnatifid. Calyx teeth minute, ovate-triangular, deciduous in fruit. Petals pale yellow to whitish, ovate or ovate-orbicular. Stylopodium conic or low-conic; styles short, reflexed. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid or subglobose, slightly flattened dorsally; ribs 5, all broadly winged, sometimes somewhat unequally; commissure constricted; vittae 3–4 in each furrow, 4–6 on commissure. Seed face concave. Carpophore 2-cleft.

Six species.

1 Caudex developed, elongate or tuberous, with clusters of rootlets, strongly aromatic; rays (7–)12–25(–40), (2–)5–12 cm.   (2)
+ Caudex not thickened, taproot unbranched or with slender branches, slightly aromatic; rays 5–12, 1–5 cm.   (4)
2 (1) Bracteoles pinnatifid.   6 Notopterygium pinnatiinvolucellum
+ Bracteoles linear or linear-lanceolate, entire.   (3)
3 (2) Ultimate leaf segments oblong, margin pinnatifid or variously laciniate-dentate.   1 Notopterygium incisum
+ Ultimate leaf segments ovate to oblong-ovate, margin entire or coarsely toothed.   2 Notopterygium franchetii
4 (1) Leaves 3–4-pinnate/pinnatifid.   5 Notopterygium tenuifolium
+ Leaves 2-ternate/ternatifid.   (5)
5 (4) Ultimate leaf segments ovate-lanceolate, 2.5–8 cm; bracteoles linear, shorter than flowers.   3 Notopterygium forrestii
+ Ultimate leaf segments ovate, 1.5–3.5 cm; bracteoles filiform, longer than flowers.   4 Notopterygium oviforme

Lower Taxa


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