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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Acanthaceae

34. Phlogacanthus Nees in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 76, 99. 1832.

火焰花属 huo yan hua shu

Authors: Jia-qi Hu & Thomas F. Daniel

Herbs, shrubs, or small trees, with cystoliths. Leaves opposite; leaf blade large, margin entire or obscurely crenate. Inflorescences in terminal thyrses or axillary cymes, pedunculate; bracts small; bracteoles small or absent. Calyx deeply 5-lobed; lobes equal to unequal. Corolla tubular, slightly curved (arched); limb subequally 5-lobed or 2-lipped; lower lip 3-lobed, lobes ascending cochlear in bud; upper lip 2-cleft. Stamens 2, inserted at middle or basal portion of tube, included or sometimes slightly exserted beyond corolla lip; anthers 2-thecous; thecae equal, base divaricate and muticous; staminodes 2, small. Ovary usually glabrous; stigma subentire. Capsule linear, 4-angled, basal portion solid but lacking a conspicuous basal stalk; retinacula present, 8-16-seeded. Seeds lenticular, glabrous or pubescent.

About 15 species: mainland Asia; two species in China.

1 Inflorescences terminal thyrses, 14-18 cm; corolla purplish red, 4.5-5 cm; anthers not extending beyond corolla lips; capsule 3.5-5 cm.   1 P. curviflorus
+ Inflorescences axillary cymes, ca. 4 cm; corolla orange, ca. 1.8 cm; anthers extending beyond corolla lips; capsule 2.5-3 cm.   2 P. pubinervius

Lower Taxa


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