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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Anacardiaceae

11. Pistacia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1108. 1753.

黄连木属 huang lian mu shu

Trees or shrubs, dioecious. Leaves pari- or imparipinnate, rarely 3-foliolate or simple; leaflets entire. Inflorescence paniculate. Male flowers with reduced 1- or 2-parted perianth, or perianth lacking; stamens 3-5, rarely 7, filaments short, adnate to disk, anthers large, ovoid; pistillode small or absent. Female flowers with reduced 2-5-parted perianth; staminode absent; disk minute or absent; ovary superior, 1-locular and 1-ovulate, style short with 3 spreading stigmas. Drupe red at maturity, pointed; endocarp bony. Seed without endosperm.

About ten species: Mediterranean region to Afghanistan, E to SE Asia, Central and South America; two species (one endemic) in China.

In addition to the native species described below, Pistacia vera Linnaeus is cultivated in Xinjiang for its edible seeds (pistachio nuts).

1 Deciduous trees, flowers produced before leafing; leaf imparipinnate; leaflets papery, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, with acuminate apex; male flowers without pistillode.   1 P. chinensis
+ Evergreen shrubs to small trees; leaf paripinnate; leaflets leathery, oblong or obovate-oblong, with truncate or retuse apex; male flowers with pistillode.   2 P. weinmanniifolia

Lower Taxa


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