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150. Vandopsis Pfitzer in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2(6): 210. 1889.

拟万代兰属 ni wan dai lan shu

Authors: Xinqi Chen & Jeffrey J. Wood

Fieldia Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie, Bot. 424. 1829, not A. Cunningham (1825).

Herbs, epiphytic, lithophytic, or terrestrial, monopodial. Stems decumbent or pendulous, elongate, stout, rigid, sometimes branched, many leaved. Leaves distichous, flat, leathery, jointed. Inflorescences axillary, suberect or pendulous, racemose, long or short, rarely shortly branched, many flowered. Flowers resupinate, flat, medium-sized to large, fleshy. Sepals and petals similar, spreading; lip smaller than petals, firmly adnate to column, geniculately bent, ± channeled or gibbous at base, 3-lobed; lateral lobes often small; mid-lobe laterally flattened, rather long, fleshy, adaxially usually longitudinally ridged or keeled. Column short, stout, foot absent; rostellum inconspicuous; pollinia waxy, 2, in unequal pairs, deeply grooved, sessile; stipe broadly oblong; viscidium transverse, prominent.

About five species: India, China, mainland SE Asia, the Philippines, the Malay Archipelago to New Guinea; two species in China.

1 Stems branching, less than 1 cm in diam.; leaves ca. 12 cm, leathery, basal sheaths verrucose; flowers thinly textured.   1 V. undulata
+ Stems unbranched, more than 2 cm in diam.; leaves more than 40 cm, fleshy or thickly leathery, basal sheaths glabrous; flowers thickly textured.   2 V. gigantea

Lower Taxa


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