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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Pinaceae | Picea

6. Picea meyeri Rehder & E. H. Wilson in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 2: 28. 1914.

白扦 bai qian

Picea meyeri var. mongolica H. Q. Wu; P. meyeri f. pyramidalis (H. W. Jen & C. G. Bai) L. K. Fu & Nan Li; P. meyeri var. pyramidalis H. W. Gen & C. G. Bai; P. mongolica (H. Q. Wu) W. D. Xu.

Trees to 30 m tall; trunk to 60 cm d.b.h.; bark gray-brown, irregularly flaking; crown conical; branchlets yellow-brown, pubescent or glabrous; winter buds brown, conical or ovoid-conical, slightly resinous, scales recurved. Leaves spreading radially, ascending on upper side of branchlets, spreading and curved upward on lower side, quadrangular-linear, slightly curved, 1.3-3 cm × ca. 2 mm, stomatal lines present on all surfaces, apex obtuse or subacute. Seed cones green, maturing brown-yellow, oblong-cylindric, 6-9 × 2.5-3.5 cm. Seed scales obovate, ca. 1.6 × 1.2 cm, striate on exposed part abaxially, base broadly cuneate or nearly orbicular, apex rounded or triangular-obtuse. Seeds obovoid, ca. 3.5 mm; wing pale brown, oblanceolate, ca. 1 cm. Pollination Apr, seed maturity Sep-Oct.

* Mountains; 1600-2700 m. ?S Gansu, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi

The timber is used for construction, poles, bridge building, furniture, and wood pulp. The species is also cultivated for afforestation and as an ornamental.


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