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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Pinaceae | Picea

9. Picea wilsonii Masters, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 33: 133. 1903.

青扦 qing qian

Picea mastersii Mayr; P. watsoniana Masters; P. wilsonii var. shanxiensis Silba; P. wilsonii var. watsoniana (Masters) Silba.

Trees to 50 m tall; trunk to 1.3 m d.b.h.; bark gray, irregularly flaking; crown pyramidal; branchlets yellowish green or yellowish gray, turning pale gray or brownish gray, glabrous, rarely initially puberulent; winter buds yellowish brown or brown, ovoid, not resinous, scales appressed at base of branchlets. Leaves directed forward on upper side of branchlets, spreading on lower side, quadrangular-linear, straight or slightly curved, broadly quadrangular in cross section, 0.8-1.3 cm × 1.2-1.7 mm, stomatal lines 4 or 5 along each surface, apex acuminate. Seed cones green, maturing yellow-brown or pale brown, ovoid-oblong, 5-8 × 2.5-4 cm. Seed scales at middle of cones obovate, 1.4-1.7 × 1-1.4 cm, exposed part not obviously striate, nearly smooth, base cuneate, apex rounded, acute, or truncate. Seeds obovoid, 3-4 mm; wing pale brown, oblanceolate, 8-11 mm. Pollination Apr, seed maturity Oct.

* Mountains, river basins; 1400-2800 m. Gansu, Hebei, Hubei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan

The timber is used for construction, poles, furniture, and wood pulp. The species is also cultivated for afforestation and as an ornamental.


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