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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Myricaceae | Myrica

1. Myrica esculenta Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 56. 1825.

毛杨梅 mao yang mei

Myrica sapida Wallich.

Trees evergreen, dioecious, usually (2-)4-10 m tall; trunk to 40 cm d.b.h.; bark gray. Branchlets and buds tomentose. Petiole 0.3-2 cm, pubescent to tomentose; leaf blade narrowly elliptic-obovate or lanceolate-obovate to cuneate-obovate, 4-18 × 1.5-4.5 cm, leathery, abaxially pale green, dark punctate, occasionally sparsely golden glandular, adaxially dark green, rarely glandular, pubescent along midvein, base cuneate, margin entire or sometimes serrate in apical 1/2, apex obtuse to acute. Male inflorescences much branched, erect or pendulous at apex, 4-9 cm; individual spikelets to ca. 1 cm; peduncle densely pubescent; bracts overlapping, ciliate and usually golden glandular. Male flowers without bracteoles. Stamens 3-7; anthers red, ellipsoid. Female inflorescences erect, 1-3.5 cm, many flowered; flowers in short, axillary fascicles well spaced at maturity; rachis densely pubescent and golden glandular; bracts ciliate, golden glandular. Female flowers with 2 bracteoles, ciliate and golden glandular. Ovary velutinous; stigmas 2, bright red. Drupes many per infructescence, red at maturity, usually ellipsoid, papilliferous. Fl. Aug-Feb, fr. Nov-May.

Open, mixed forests on mountain slopes; 300-2500 m. NW Guangdong, Guangxi, S and W Guizhou, W Sichuan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]


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