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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Lauraceae | Machilus

9. Machilus litseifolia S. K. Lee, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(2): 46. 1979.

木姜润楠 mu jiang run nan

Persea litseifolia (S. K. Lee) Kostermans.

Trees, up to 13 m tall; trunk ca. 18 cm d.b.h. Bark black, black-brown, or brown. Branchlets glabrous. Terminal buds subglobose; bud scales broadly orbicular, subglabrous. Leaves usually clustered at apex of branchlet; petiole slender, 1-2 cm; leaf blade abaxially glaucescent, adaxially shiny, oblanceolate or obovate-lanceolate, 6.5-12 × 2-4.4 cm, leathery, glabrous on both surfaces when older, densely appressed puberulent when young, midrib abaxially conspicuously raised, adaxially impressed, lateral veins 6-8 pairs, abaxially distinct, curved, anastomosing near margin, veinlets slender, densely foveolate on both surfaces, base obliquely obtuse, apex obtuse. Cymose panicles arising from near base of young branchlet or subterminal, 4.5-8 cm, few flowered; peduncle red, somewhat thick. Pedicel slender, 5-7 mm. Flowers ca. 5 mm. Perianth lobes subequal, oblong, ca. 5 × 2 mm, glabrous, rarely sparsely puberulent outside, pubescent inside, apex orbicular or obtuse. Filaments glabrous. Ovary glabrous. Fruit globose, ca. 7 mm in diam., glaucescent when young; persistent perianth lobes ± thickening at lower part; fruiting pedicel ca. 5 mm. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Jun-Jul.

● Mountains, mixed broad-leaved forests, thickets; 800-1500 m. Guangdong, N Guangxi, Guizhou, S Zhejiang.


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