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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 8 | Crassulaceae | Sinocrassula

6. Sinocrassula indica (Decaisne) A. Berger in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2. 18a: 463. 1930.

石莲 shi lian

Herbs biennial, glabrous. Roots fibrous. Basal leaves spatulate-oblong, 3.5-6 × 1-1.5 cm. Flowering stem erect, 5-60 cm; stem leaves alternate, broadly oblanceolate, subobovate, or ovate-orbicular, 2.5-3 × 0.4-1 cm, margin entire or distally acuminately serrate, apex obtusely rounded or acuminate. Inflorescences paniculate, often corymbiform; lateral branches generally 5-6 cm or shorter; bracts resembling distal stem leaves but smaller. Sepals broadly triangular, ca. 2 × 1 mm, apex subacute. Petals red, reddish, yellow, or greenish yellow, lanceolate to ovate, 2.5-5.5 × ca. 2 mm, apex usually reflexed. Stamens 3-4 mm. Nectar scales quadrate, apex emarginate. Carpels ovoid, 2.5-3 mm, base connate for 0.5-1 mm, apex acute. Styles less than 1 mm. Follicles apically with a recurved beak. Seeds smooth. Fl. Jul-Oct.

Rocks in valleys or on slopes, dry stony and gravelly slopes, river banks; 500-4000 m. S Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim].

1 Plants 5-10 cm tall; leaves hairy, margin acuminately serrate distally   6b var. serrata
+ Plants more than 10 cm tall (8-9 cm tall in var. obtusifolia); leaves glabrous, margin entire.   (2)
2 (1) Petals red or reddish.   (3)
+ Petals yellow or greenish yellow, sometimes with reddish apex.   (4)
3 (2) Leaf apex acuminate   6a var. indica
+ Leaf apex obtuse-rounded   6c var. obtusifolia
4 (2) Plants 30-60 cm tall; leaves ovate-orbicular   6d var. forrestii
+ Plants 10-20 cm tall; leaves narrow.   (5)
5 (4) Petals yellow with reddish apex, 5-5.5 mm   6e var. luteorubra
+ Petals greenish yellow, ca. 2.5 mm   6f var. viridiflora

Lower Taxa


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