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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Celastraceae | Euonymus

63. Euonymus hamiltonianus Wallich in Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 403. 1824.

西南卫矛 xi nan wei mao

Euonymus bodinieri H. Léveillé; E. darrisii H. Léveillé; E. hamiltonianus f. lanceifolius (Loesener) C. Y. Cheng ex Q. H. Chen; E. hamiltonianus var. pubinervius S. Z. Qu & Y. H. He; E. lanceifolius Loesener; E. rugosus H. Léveillé; E. yedoensis Koehne var. koehneanus Loesener.

Deciduous shrubs to small trees, 3-20 m tall, to 25 cm d.b.h.; branches and twigs terete, sturdy, green to light green. Petiole sturdy, 9-20 mm; leaf blade thinly leathery or thickly papery, elliptic, or sometimes ovate-elliptic, 11-13(-15) × 3-5(-7) cm, base attenuate, margin finely crenulate, surfaces rough, apex acuminate; lateral veins 6-9 pairs, curving forward, webbing and disappearing before reaching margin. Peduncle 3-4.5 cm, 1-3 × dichotomously branched, several flowered; pedicel 5-7 mm. Flowers 4-merous, 9-10 mm in diam.; sepals ovate; petals white, lanceolate or long ovate, apex acuminate or obtuse. Capsule rhombic, with 4 angles and deep grooves, brown or yellow-brown to red-brown, ca. 8 mm × 1-1.3 cm. Seeds ellipsoid, dark brown; aril orange-red. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Aug-Nov.

Forests, woodlands; near sea level to 3000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, SE Xizang (Zayü), Yunnan, Zhejiang [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Japan, Kashmir, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia (?Sakhalin), Thailand].

This is one of the most common species in the genus. Growing in large populations, it can be found throughout the distribution area. It is undoubtedly similar to Euonymus europaeus Linnaeus, but they are quite distinct in their distributions.


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