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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Celastraceae | Euonymus

86. Euonymus verrucosus Scopoli, Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 1: 166. 1772.

瘤枝卫矛 liu zhi wei mao

Euonymus integerrimus Prokhanov; E. pauciflorus Maximowicz; E. pauciflorus var. chinensis (Maximowicz) Rehder; E. verrucosus var. chinensis Maximowicz; E. verrucosus var. pauciflorus (Maximowicz) Regel.

Deciduous shrubs, ca. 3 m tall; branches and twigs gray-green to gray-brown, terete, densely verrucate. Petiole very short or subsessile, sometimes 2-3 cm; leaf blade thickly papery, ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, even rhombic, 5-7 × 2-3 cm, base cuneate or attenuate, margin crenulate, sparsely pubescent, apex obtuse or acuminate; lateral veins 5-8 pairs, curving forward, disappearing before reaching margin. Peduncle 2-4 cm or absent with petioles axillary in clusters, 1-3 × dichotomously branched, several flowered, very slender; pedicel 5-10 mm. Flowers 4-merous, 7-10 mm; sepals semirotund; petals pinkish to dark red, orbicular. Capsule subglobose, 4-angled, brown or yellow-brown to red-brown, ca. 8 mm × 1 cm. Seeds ovoid, dark brown, partially covered by orange aril. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Aug-Nov.

Forests, woodlands; 200-1300 m. Gansu, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi [Japan, Korea, Russia (including European part); C and N Asia].


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