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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Elaeagnaceae | Elaeagnus

61. Elaeagnus multiflora Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14. 163. 1784.

木半夏 mu ban xia

Shrubs or small trees, deciduous. Young branches rust-colored scaly. Petiole 4-6 mm, brown scaly; leaf blade elliptic or ovate to obovate-oblong, 3-10 × (1-)1.2-5 cm, abaxially with densely overlapping white and scattered pale brown scales, scales shallowly umbonate, subentire, adaxially stellate-pilose while young, lateral veins 5-7 per side of midrib, base obtuse to cuneate (especially at flowering time), apex obtuse to acute or bluntly acuminate. Flowers 1(or 2) in axil. Pedicel 4-8 mm; fruiting pedicel pendulous, 1.5-5 cm, slender. Flowers densely white and sparsely brown scaly. Calyx tube cylindric to funnelform-cylindric, 5-10 mm, constricted at base; lobes broadly ovate, 4-5.5 mm, apex abruptly acute. Filaments very short; anthers ca. 1 mm. Style glabrous. Drupe oblong, ovoid, or ellipsoidal, 1.2-1.4 cm. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jun-Jul.

Thickets and open woodland in lowlands and mountains; near sea level to 1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, S Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

Elaeagnus multiflora is a common and variable species that is often cultivated, both for its edible fruit and as an ornamental shrub.

1 Calyx tube 8-10 mm.   61d var. siphonantha
+ Calyx tube 5-7 mm   (2)
2 (1) Fruit ovoid; calyx tube funnelform-cylindric.   61c var. obovoidea
+ Fruit ellipsoidal; calyx tube cylindric   (3)
3 (2) Calyx lobes broadly ovate; young stems relatively robust, scales rust-colored and pale brown.   61a var. multiflora
+ Calyx lobes ovate, reflexed; young stems relatively slender; scales silvery.   61b var. tenuipes


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