1. Combretum pilosum Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 2: 231. 1832.
长毛风车子 chang mao feng che zi
Combretum insigne Van Heurck & Müller Argoviensis; Poivrea pilosa (Roxburgh) Wight & Arnott.
Lianas to 20 m tall. Bark grayish brown. Branchlets, petioles, and inflorescence rachis densely ferruginous tomentose and white villous. Leaves opposite or subopposite; petiole 2-7 mm; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially deep green, ovate-oblong, elliptic, or narrowly elliptic, 5-15 × 2-7 cm, abaxially glabrous or villosulous on midvein, adaxially sparsely white verruculose, tomentose when young, glabrous or villosulous on midvein and lateral veins when mature, without tufts of hairs in axils of lateral veins, base obtuse, truncate, or shallowly cordate, apex mucronate or acuminate; lateral veins in 5-8(-10) pairs. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, densely compound spikes 3-10 cm, usually crowded at branchlet apex and forming a dense, leafy panicle; bracts persistent at anthesis, oblong-ovate to lanceolate, ca. 5 mm, ferruginous tomentose. Calyx tube pale green, distally funnelform, 7-8 mm, abaxially ferruginous tomentose and villous; lobes 5, erect, deltoid, 1-2 mm, apex acute. Petals 5, reddish, pink, or yellowish, rarely white, oblong or oblong-oblanceolate, 4-5 mm, villosulous. Stamens 10, exserted, 7-8 mm, obviously exceeding petals. Fruit pink or vivid pink, glossy, ellipsoid or obovoid, 5-winged, 2.5-3.5 × 2-2.5 cm, densely villosulous when young, glabrescent when old, sparsely red scaly. Fl. Dec-Apr, fr. Feb-Mar.
Forests, sparse forests, thickets, sparse dry scrub, among shrubs on stream banks, ravines; 100-800 m. Hainan, S Yunnan [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].