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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Melastomataceae | Tigridiopalma

1. Tigridiopalma magnifica C. Chen, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 1(2): 107. 1979.

虎颜花 hu yan hua

Herbs. Rhizomes ca. 6 cm, thick, slightly woody. Stems very short, reddish hispid. Leaves basal; petiole terete, 10-17 cm or more, succulent, sulcate, reddish hispid; leaf blade cordate, 20-30 × 20-30 cm or larger, membranous, abaxially densely furfuraceous, reddish villous, and puberulous on veins, adaxially glabrous, secondary veins 4 on each side of midvein, base cordate, margin ciliate and irregular abruptly denticulate, apex subround. Inflorescences axillary, scorpioid cymes; peduncle 24-30 cm, obtusely 4-sided, glabrous; bracts very small, caducous. Pedicel 8-10 mm, angular, narrowly winged on angles, sometimes nodose, ± furfuraceous. Hypanthium funnelform to cup-shaped, 5-sided, narrowly crisply winged, glabrous, apex truncate. Calyx lobes triangular-semiorbicular, very short, inserted on tip of wing, apex apiculate. Petals dark red, broadly obovate, ca. 10 × 6 mm, oblique, almost rhomboid, apex truncate, oblique, and apiculate. Longer stamens ca. 1.8 cm; anthers ca. 1.1 cm; connective decurrent, basally with an abaxial small, triangular spur and 2 adaxial tubercles. Shorter stamens 1.2-1.4 cm; anthers 7-8 mm, base 2-tuberculate; connective decurrent, forming a short spur. Ovary ovoid, apex with membranous crown; crown 5-lobed, lobe margins ciliate. Capsule funnelform cup-shaped, apex truncate, dehiscence poricidal; crown woody, 5-lobed, exserted ca. 2 mm beyond calyx, margin irregularly denticulate; hypanthium funnel-shaped, ca. 1 cm, 5-sided, narrowly winged on angles, glabrous. Fl. Nov, fr. Mar-May.

● Dense forests, valleys, streamsides, rock crevices; 400-400 m. Guangdong (Xinyi, Yangchun).


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