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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Apiaceae | Heracleum

11. Heracleum moellendorffii Hance, J. Bot. 16: 12. 1878.

短毛独活 duan mao du huo

Plants stout, 1–2 m tall, hispidulous throughout. Root cylindrical. Stem solitary, branched. Basal and lower petioles 10–30 cm; leaf blade ternate or ternate-pinnate; leaflets 3–5, broadly ovate, 10–20 × 7–18 cm, 3–5-lobed, margin sharply serrate. Upper leaves sessile on expanded sheaths. Peduncles 4–15 cm; bracts few, linear-lanceolate, or caducous; rays 12–30, unequal; bracteoles 5–10, lanceolate; flowers more than 20 per umbellule. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, on outer flowers of umbels radiant, enlarged, ca. 7 mm. Fruit obovoid, 6–8 × 5–7 mm, sparsely hispidulous or almost glabrous; dorsal ribs filiform, lateral ribs broadly winged, wings less than width of mericarp body; vittae solitary in each furrow, 2 on commissure, clavate, extending to 1/2 length of mericarp. Seed face plane. Fl. Jul–Aug, fr. Aug–Sep.

Open forests, forest margins, shaded valleys, alpine meadows, streamsides; below 3200 m. Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

1 Basal leaves almost 2-pinnate, ultimate segments ovate-lanceolate.   11c var. subbipinnatum
+ Basal leaves ternate or ternate-pinnate, ultimate segments broad-ovate.   (2)
2 (1) Fruit obovoid, dorsal and lateral vittae 4 per mericarp in total.   11a var. moellendorffii
+ Fruit suborbicular, dorsal and lateral vittae 2 per mericarp in total.   11b var. paucivittatum

Lower Taxa


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