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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Lamiaceae | Paraphlomis

1. Paraphlomis javanica (Blume) Prain, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta). 9: 59. 1901.

假糙苏 jia cao su

Herbs erect. Stem solitary, 0.5-1.5 m, retrorse strigose, flexuous, leafless toward base. Petiole slender, to 8 cm; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-ovate, 3-15(-30) × 1.5-8.5(-14) cm, adaxially ± minutely hispid, abaxially strigose, base rounded to subtruncate, margin inconspicuously serrate to crenate-serrate, apex acute to acuminate. Verticillasters many flowered, globose, ca. 3 cm in diam., surrounded by few bracteoles at base; bracteoles subulate, ca. 6 mm, shorter than calyx, hirtellous. Flowers sessile. Calyx tubular in flower, abruptly spreading at mouth, enlarged and red in fruit, leathery, densely hirtellous or minutely hispid, glabrescent, inconspicuously veined, tube ca. 7 mm; teeth subequal, needlelike to triangular, 2-4 mm. Corolla yellow or yellowish, less often whitish, ca. 1.7 cm, ± hirtellous on apical parts of tube and limb outside, pubescent annulate inside, upper lip oblong, entire. Nutlets black, triquetrous, obovoid, apex rounded, glabrous. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Aug-Dec.

Evergreen and mixed forests; 300-2400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

1 Calyx teeth triangular, ca. 2 mm, apex not subulate or needlelike; leaves inconspicuously serrate   1d var. henryi
+ Calyx teeth subulate, triangular-subulate or needlelike, 3-4 mm, apex subulate or needlelike; leaves ± conspicuously serrate, crenate, or crenulate.   (2)
2 (1) Calyx teeth needlelike, minutely hispid; leaves ovate to narrowly lanceolate, inconspicuously crenulate   1c var. angustifolia
+ Calyx teeth subulate or triangular- subulate, hirtellous; leaves elliptic, elliptic-ovate, or oblong-ovate, crenate-serrate or shallowly widely spaced-serrate to crenate.   (3)
3 (2) Leaves 7-15(-30) × 3-8.5(-14) cm, membranous or papery, crenate- serrate   1a var. javanica
+ Leaves 3-9(-15) × 1.5-6 cm, succulent, shallowly remotely serrate to crenate   1b var. coronata

Lower Taxa


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