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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Lamiaceae | Phlomis

9. Phlomis betonicoides Diels, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 5: 241. 1912.

假秦艽 jia qin jiu

Phlomis betonicoides Diels f. alba C. Y. Wu.

Roots moniliform. Stems erect, 30-80 cm, densely stellate hispid, unbranched. Petiole of basal leaves 3-15 cm, others (0.3-)1-3 cm; basal leaf blade narrowly ovate to triangular, 7.5-14 × 5-7.5(-10) cm, adaxially densely stellate strigose or with simple hairs, abaxially stellate and with simple hairs on veins, base rounded to cordate, margin crenate to dentate, apex obtuse to acute; stem leaves 5-9 × 2-4.5 cm, with similar indumentum. Verticillasters many flowered; floral leaves sessile, 2.5-6 × 1-2 cm; bracts dark purple, bristlelike, ciliate, nearly as long as calyx. Calyx tubular-campanulate, ca. 1 cm, bristly at apex and on veins, base sparsely puberulent; teeth bristlelike, 1.8-4 mm, rigid, spreading, margin double dentate, densely ciliate. Corolla reddish to white, ca. 1.8 cm, densely stellate hispidulous outside, villous annulate inside; upper lip ca. 8 mm, bearded inside, margin irregularly denticulate; lower lip 6-7 mm, middle lobe largest, obovate-elliptic, lateral lobes subcircular, margin irregularly denticulate. Stamens included; filaments villous, appendage short spurred at base. Nutlets apex slightly scaly, glabrous at maturity. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Sep-Oct.

* Grassy slopes, forested grassland, forests; 2700-3000 m. Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan

Roots used as a medicine for colds and diarrhea.


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