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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Lamiaceae | Salvia

55. Salvia cavaleriei H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 422. 1910.

贵州鼠尾草 gui zhou shu wei cao

Herbs. Taproot robust, short. Stems 12-32 cm, slender, often violet, glabrous toward base. Basal and lower stem leaves simple to 2-pinnate; petiole 1-7 cm; terminal leaflet narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 2.5-7.5 × 1-3.2 cm, adaxially puberulent or glabrous, abaxially purple, glabrous, base cuneate to rounded, margin remotely obtuse serrate, apex obtuse to rounded; lateral leaflets 1-3-paired; upper stem leaves simple or ternate. Inflorescences slightly puberulent; verticillasters 2-6-flowered, widely spaced, in terminal racemes or panicles; bracts purplish, lanceolate, ca. 2 mm, subglabrous. Pedicel ca. 2 mm. Calyx tubular, ca. 4.5 mm, glabrous, 2-lipped to ca. 1/4 its length, apically fine strigose inside; upper lip entire, apex acute; lower lip longer than upper. Corolla blue-purple to purple-red or white, ca. 8 mm, puberulent; tube pilose annulate inside, ca. 5.5 mm, gradually dilated from base, ca. 2 mm wide at throat; lips subequal, lower to ca. 4 mm wide. Filaments ca. 2 mm; connectives ca. 4.5 mm, upper arms ca. 3 mm, lower arms ca. 0.5 mm. Nutlets black, narrowly ellipsoid, ca. 0.8 mm. Fl. Jul-Sep.

* Hillsides, streamsides, forests; 500-2700 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan

1 Leaves simple, cordate-ovate, or cordate-triangular, rarely in 3s; petiole longer than blade; corolla purple or purple-red   55c var. simplicifolia
+ Leaves 1- or 2-pinnate, occasionally simple; petiole shorter than to as long as blade; corolla blue-purple, dark purple, purple, or white.   (2)
2 (1) Leaves basal and on stem, pinnate; lower stem leaves simple or ternate, remotely obtuse serrate; petiole glabrous; corolla blue-purple or purple   55a var. cavaleriei
+ Leaves mostly basal, 1- or 2-pinnate, rarely simple, coarsely crenate or crenate-dentate; petiole spreading pilose; corolla dark purple or white   55b var. erythrophylla

Lower Taxa


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