1. Lycopersicon esculentum Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. no. 2. 1768.
蕃茄 fan qie
Lycopersicon lycopersicum (Linnaeus) Karsten; Solanum lycopersicum Linnaeus.
Herbs annual, sprawling, 0.6-2 m tall, viscid pubescent, odorous. Petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade mostly pinnately compound or divided, sometimes entire, 10-40 cm, base oblique, cuneate, apex obtuse; leaflets mostly 5-9, sessile or petiolulate, unequal, ovate or oblong, 5-7 cm, entire or irregularly dentate, sparingly glandular pilose. Peduncle 2-5 cm, little or not branched, often 3-7-flowered. Pedicel 1-1.5 cm. Calyx rotate-campanulate, lobes lanceolate. Corolla 2-2.5 cm in diam.; lobes narrowly oblong, 8-10 mm, often reflexed. Filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers 6-10 mm. Style ca. 1.2 cm. Berry red or orange-yellow, subglobose, fleshy, juicy, shiny. Seeds straw colored, 2-4 mm, pilose. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Sep-Nov.
Widely cultivated in China [native to Mexico and South America]
Fruits are used as a vegetable.