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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Campanulaceae | Adenophora

19. Adenophora gmelinii (Biehler) Fischer, Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 6: 167. 1823.

狭叶沙参 xia ye sha shen

Roots up to 40 cm. Stems single or several from one root, up to 80 cm tall, simple, usually glabrous, sometimes hispidulous. Basal leaf blade deltoid or rhombic-ovate, base shallowly cordate, margin crenate. Cauline leaves sessile; blade linear or less often lanceolate, 4-9 × 0.2-1.3 cm, glabrous, margin entire or serrate. Cymes single flowered, forming a pseudoraceme, or lower cymes several flowered, forming a very narrow panicle, or rarely with a solitary terminal flower. Hypanthium obovoid-oblong, glabrous or rarely scaberulose; calyx lobes linear-lanceolate, 4-10 × 1.5-2 mm. Corolla blue or pale purple, broadly campanulate, 1.6-2.8 cm; lobes ovate-triangular, 6-8 mm, less often deltoid and only ca. 4 mm. Disk cylindrical, 1.3-3.5 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy. Style slightly shorter than, rarely as long as corolla. Capsule ellipsoid, 8-13 × 4-7 mm. Seeds yellow-brown, ellipsoid, ca. 1.8 mm. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 34, 68.

Forests, thickets, communities of tall herbs, meadows, grassy slopes; below 2600 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, W Jilin, Liaoning, E, N, and SE Nei Mongol, C and N Shanxi [Korea, E Mongolia, Russia (Far East, SE Siberia)].

1 Plants (incl. hypanthium) often hispidulous; leaf blade broadly linear to ovate-lanceolate, adaxially scabrous, margin serrate; stems often single; flowers usually several.   19c subsp. nystroemii
+ Plants (incl. hypanthium) glabrous, sometimes stems hispidulous at base; leaf blade narrowly linear, narrowly ovate, deltoid-oblanceolate, or obovate, adaxially smooth, margin entire or serrate; stems several; flowers more numerous   (2)
2 (1) Plants mostly more than 1 m tall, commonly puberulent only on lower part of stems and lower leaves; leaf blade mostly broadly linear to narrowly ovate, serrate; calyx lobes 5-12 × 1.3-3 mm.   19b subsp. hailinensis
+ Plants mostly less than 1 cm tall, glabrous or sparsely puberulent at base of stems; leaf blade commonly narrowly linear and entire; calyx lobes 4.5-6 × 1-1.6 mm.   19a subsp. gmelinii

Lower Taxa


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