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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Campanulaceae | Adenophora

31. Adenophora pereskiifolia (Fischer ex Schultes) Fischer ex G. Don in Loudon, Hort. Brit. 75. 1830.

长白沙参 chang bai sha shen

Campanula pereskiifolia Fischer ex Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 116. 1819 ["pereskiaefolia"]; Adenophora communis Fischer var. latifolia (Fischer) Trautvetter; A. curvidens Nakai; A. latifolia Fischer; A. pereskiifolia subsp. alternifolia (P. Y. Fu ex Y. Z. Zhao) C. X. Fu & Y. Liu; A. pereskiifolia var. alternifolia P. Y. Fu ex Y. Z. Zhao; A. pereskiifolia var. angustifolia Y. Z. Zhao; A. pereskiifolia var. curvidens (Nakai) Kitagawa; A. pereskiifolia f. puberula Kitagawa; A. pereskiifolia subsp. subalpina A. I. Baranov; A. polyantha Nakai subsp. subalpina (A. I. Baranov) Kitagawa; A. polymorpha Ledebour var. latifolia (Fischer) Trautvetter; A. polymorpha var. pereskiifolia (Fischer ex Schultes) Makino.

Root carrot-shaped, 6-9 × 1.5-1.9 cm. Stems single, up to 1 m, simple, glabrous, less often retrorsely hispidulous. Cauline leaves (all or some) 3-5-verticillate or -subverticillate, rarely all alternate or nearly so, sessile or shortly petiolate; blade elliptic, ovate, lanceolate, or narrowly lanceolate, 3.5-16 × 0.6-4.2 cm, both surfaces glabrous, base cuneate or obtuse, margin coarsely serrate, apex acute or acuminate. Inflorescence pyramidal, with cymes alternate, short, and suberect, or flowers sometimes relatively few, forming a pseudoraceme. Hypanthium obovoid, obconic, or ellipsoid, glabrous or verrucose; calyx lobes lanceolate or narrowly triangular, 3-6 × 0.8-2 mm. Corolla blue-purple or blue, funnelform-campanulate, 1.3-2 cm; lobes deltoid or depressed triangular, 3-8 × 6-7.5 mm. Disk annular to shortly tubular, 0.5-1.5 mm. Style 1.5-2.4 cm, ± exserted. Capsule obovoid, ellipsoid, or subglobose, 6-8 × 4-5 mm. Seeds dark brown, glossy, ellipsoid, slightly compressed, 1.8-2 mm, smooth. Fl. Jul-Aug, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 34, 68, 72.

Meadows, forest margins, grassy places in forests; below 1000 m. Heilongjiang, Jilin [Japan, Korea, E Mongolia, Russia (Far East, SE Siberia)].


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