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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Pycreus

8. Pycreus sanguinolentus (Vahl) Nees ex C. B. Clarke in J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 6: 590. 1893.

红鳞扁莎 hong lin bian suo

Cyperus sanguinolentus Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 351. 1805, nom. cons.; C. eragrostis Lamarck var. cyrtostachys Miquel; C. eragrostis var. humilis Miquel; C. eragrostis f. melanocephalus (Miquel) J. V. Suringar; C. flavescens Linnaeus f. rubromarginatus Schrenk; C. korshinskii Meinshausen; C. melanocephalus Miquel; C. sanguinolentus f. humilis (Miquel) Kükenthal; C. sanguinolentus f. melanocephalus (Miquel) Kükenthal; C. sanguinolentus f. rubromarginatus (Schrenk) Kükenthal; Pycreus korshinskii (Meinshausen) V. I. Kreczetowicz; P. sanguinolentus var. cyrtostachys (Miquel) L. K. Dai; P. sanguinolentus f. humilis (Miquel) L. K. Dai; P. sanguinolentus f. melanocephalus (Miquel) L. K. Dai; P. sanguinolentus f. rubromarginatus (Schrenk) L. K. Dai.

Annuals. Roots fibrous. Culms densely tufted, 5-50 cm tall, compressed 3-angled, smooth, with several leaves basally. Leaves several, usually shorter than culm to rarely longer; sheath usually reddish brown, short; leaf blade 2-4 mm wide or less, flat, apical margin denticulate. Involucral bracts 2-5, leaflike, longer than inflorescence, subspreading. Inflorescence a simple anthela; rays 3-5, mostly to 4.5 cm to sometimes very short and inflorescence a capitulum, each with 4-12 or more spikelets congregated into a short spike or nearly a capitulum. Spikelets radially spreading, narrowly ovoid to narrowly oblong-ovoid, 0.5-1.8 cm × 2.5-3 mm, 6-24-flowered; rachilla straight, 4-angled, wingless. Glumes straw-colored, brownish yellow, or blackish brown on both surfaces but middle yellowish green, slightly laxly imbricate, ovate, ca. 2 mm, membranous, medially 3-5-veined, often distinctly furrowed on both sides of keel, margin dark blood-red to dark brownish red, apex obtuse. Stamens (2 or)3; anthers linear, 0.7-1 mm. Style long; stigmas 2, exserted, slender. Nutlet black at maturity, globose-obovoid to broadly ellipsoid, 1-1.3 mm, 1/2-3/5 as long as subtending glume, biconvex, slightly turgid, minutely punctate. Fl. and fr. Jul-Dec. 2n = 48, 50.

Sparse forest margins, grasslands on mountain slopes, meadows, swamps, lake margins, sunny places at river margins or shallow water, valleys, wet places along trails, field margins, old fields; below 100-3400 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, S and SE Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam; Africa, SW Asia, Australia, Pacific islands].

Pycreus sanguinolentus is naturalized in North America.


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