All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 23 Page 132, 154, 155 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Arecaceae | Areca

1. Areca catechu Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1189. 1753.

槟榔 bin lang

Areca faufel Gaertner; A. himalayana Griffith ex H. Wendland; A. hortensis Loureiro; A. nigra Giseke ex H. Wendland; Sublimia areca Commerson ex Martius.

Stems solitary, erect, to 20 m tall, 10-20 cm in diam., gray with conspicuous nodes. Leaf sheaths closed and forming green, slightly swollen crownshafts to 1 m; petioles no more than 5 cm; rachis recurved, to 2 m; pinnae 20-30 per side of rachis, regularly and closely arranged, stiffly erect; middle pinnae 30-60 cm, 3-7 cm wide at mid-point. Inflorescences infrafoliar, branched to 3 orders, erect; rachillae many, flexuose, yellowish green, to 25 cm; male flowers solitary, alternate and distichous on rachillae; stamens 6; female flowers at bases of rachillae only, larger than male flowers. Fruits yellow, orange, or red, ovoid, to 8 × 6 cm.

Cultivated and commonly seen around houses. Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [origin probably C Malesia; widely cultivated throughout tropical Asia].

Areca catechu is an important cultivated species. The sliced seed (betel nut) is chewed as a mild narcotic. The plant also has great ornamental value and many other minor uses.


Related Objects  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Flora of Pakistan  
  • Illustration (M. Rafique)
  • Illustration

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |