18. Picea torano (Siebold ex K. Koch) Koehne, Deut. Dendrol. 22. 1893.
日本云杉 ri ben yun shan
Abies torano Siebold ex K. Koch, Dendrologie 2(2): 233. 1873.
Trees to 40 m tall; trunk to 3 m d.b.h. in native range; bark pale gray, rough, flaking into tiny scales; branchlets pale yellow or pale brownish yellow, stout, glabrous; winter buds reddish or pale black-brown, glossy, ovoid or ovoid-oblong, 8-10 mm, scales closely appressed. Leaves spirally arranged or ascending on upper side of branchlets, curved on lower side, dull green, quadrangular-linear, stout, rhombic in cross section, 1.5-2 cm × 1.5-2 mm, obviously keeled, stomatal lines along each surface, apex acute. Seed cones pale yellow-green before maturity, reddish brown when mature, narrowly ovoid or cylindric-ellipsoid, 7.5-12.5 × ca. 3.5 cm. Seed scales suborbicular or obovate, margin slightly denticulate, apex rounded. Seeds 6-8 mm; wing to 1.4 cm.
Cultivated. Beijing Shi, Shandong (Qingdao Shi), Zhejiang (Hangzhou Shi) [native to Japan]
The name Picea polita Carrière, based on Abies polita Siebold & Zuccarini, has been used for this species. However, A. polita is an illegitimate renaming of Pinus abies Linnaeus (Picea abies (Linnaeus) H. Karsten), and therefore cannot be used in any sense.