1. Parrya lancifolia Popov, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 47: 86. 1938.
柳叶条果芥 liu ye tiao guo jie
Achoriphragma lancifolium (Popov) Soják; Neuroloma lancifolium (Popov) Botschantzev.
Plants 5-30 cm tall, cespitose, glandular or eglandular, pubescent with crisped, simple retrorse trichomes to 1.5 mm, or glabrous; caudex branched, covered with petiolar remains of previous years. Basal leaves rosulate; petiole broadened at base, often ciliate, 1-6 cm; leaf blade lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 2-9 × 0.5-2 cm, pubescent or glabrous, base cuneate or attenuate, margin entire, apex acute to subacuminate. Cauline leaves absent. Racemes 2-10-flowered. Fruiting pedicels ascending to divaricate, glandular or eglandular, lowermost 1-2.5 cm. Sepals purple, linear to linear-oblong, 9-12 × 2-3 mm, glabrous, pubescent, or glandular, white margined. Petals purple, broadly obovate, 2.5-3 × 0.8-1.5 cm, apex deeply emarginate; claw 1-1.7 cm. Filaments purple, median pairs 6-10 mm, lateral pair 4-7 mm; anthers linear, 3-5 mm. Ovules 30-40 per ovary. Fruit linear to linear-lanceolate, 4-9(-11) cm × 4-6 mm; valve margin flat; replum flattened; style 0.5-1(-2.5) mm; stigma 0.5-1.5 mm. Seeds orbicular or suborbicular, 4-6 mm in diam., flattened, broadly winged; wing undulate, to 1.5 mm wide. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Aug.
Grassy slopes; 2300-3000 m. Xinjiang [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan].
The records of Parrya pulvinata Popov in FRPS and Fl. Xinjiang. (2(2): 176. 1995) were based on misidentified plants of P. lancifolia. True P. pulvinata is distributed in Kazakhstan. The above record of P. lancifolia from Xinjiang is based on Wu 418 (KUN), Liston et al. 837-2 (MO), and Ludlow 689 (BM). The last specimen includes eight plants, of which three are densely glandular and five eglandular.