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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Acalypha

14. Acalypha caturus Blume, Bijdr. 629. 1826.

尖尾铁苋菜 jian wei tie xian cai

Acalypha grandis Bentham var. kotoensis (Hayata) Hurusawa; A. grandis var. longiacuminata (Hayata) Hurusawa; A. kotoensis Hayata; A. longiacuminata Hayata.

Small trees, ca. 4 m tall. Young branchlets grayish tomentulose. Stipules narrowly lanceolate, 4-12 mm, pilose; petiole 5-10 cm, pilose; leaf blade broadly ovate or ovate, 8-20 × 5.5-12 cm, papyraceous, abaxially tomentulose along veins, and vein axils bearded, base obtuse or subtruncate, sometimes slightly cordate, margin crenate, apex acuminate or long acuminate; basal veins 3-5. Plants dioecious, rarely monoecious. Inflorescences axillary. Male flowers glomerate; spikes 10-20 cm, pilosulose; bracts lax, ovate, ca. 0.5 mm; pedicel ca. 1 mm; sepals 4, ca. 0.3 mm; stamens 8. Female flowers 1 in each bract; spikes 10-30 cm, slender; bracts lax, ovate, ca. 1 mm, acute, pilose; sepals 3, ovate, ca. 1 mm, pilose; ovary pubescent, often bilocular; styles 2(or 3), 2-3 mm, 15-20-laciniate. Capsule 2(or 3)-locular, 3-4 mm in diam. Seeds ovoid, ca. 2 mm. Fl. year-round.

Forests; below 100-200 m. S Taiwan [Indonesia, Philippines].


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