16. Epilobium brevifolium D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 222. 1825.
短叶柳叶菜 duan ye liu ye cai
Herbs perennial, erect or ascending, with fleshy soboles that leave loose brown basal scales. Stems 15-90 cm tall, simple or branched, strigillose throughout, sometimes mixed with glandular hairs on inflorescence, lacking raised decurrent lines. Leaves subsessile or petioles to 4 mm; cauline blade broadly ovate to broadly lanceolate-elliptic, 1.5-5(-8) × 0.5-2.2(-3) cm, subglabrous with strigillose margin and midvein, base subcordate to cuneate, margin sharply denticulate with 7-22 teeth per side, apex subobtuse to acute. Inflorescence and flowers erect to slightly nodding. Sepals 4.5-6.5 mm, keeled. Petals pink to rose-purple, 7-11 mm. Stigma clavate or broadly so, entire. Capsules 3.5-7 cm, strigillose, often glandular; pedicels 0.4-1.5 cm. Seeds dark brown, 0.9-1.1 mm, coarsely papillose, with short chalazal collar; coma white, detaching easily. 2n = 36.
Moist or open disturbed places by streams in valleys and mountains; 600-2500(-3600) m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Vietnam].