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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Glochidion

2. Glochidion lanceolarium (Roxburgh) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. 153. 1845.

艾胶算盘子 ai jiao suan pan zi

Bradleia lanceolaria Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832, 3: 697. 1832; Diasperus benthamianus Kuntze; D. lanceolarius (Roxburgh) Kuntze; Glochidion cantoniense Hance; G. macrophyllum Bentham; G. subsessile N. P. Balakrishnan & Chakrabarty var. birmanicum Chakrabarty & M. Gangopadhyay; Glochisandra acuminata Wight; Phyllanthus lanceolarius (Roxburgh) Müller Argoviensis.

Evergreen shrubs or trees, usually 1-3 m tall, rarely 7-12 m tall, monoecious, glabrous throughout except for hairy ovary and capsule. Stipules triangular-lanceolate, 2.5-3 mm; petiole 3-5 mm; leaf blade elliptic, oblong, or oblong-lanceolate, 6-16 × 2.5-6 cm, leathery, dark green adaxially, yellowish green when dry, base acute or broadly cuneate, slightly decurved, subequilateral; lateral veins 5-7 pairs. Flowers in axillary clusters. Male flowers: pedicels 8-10 mm; sepals 6, obovate or obovate-oblong, ca. 3 mm, yellow; stamens 5 or 6. Female flowers: pedicels 2-4 mm; sepals 6, biseriate, outer larger than inner, outer ones ovate, inner narrowly ovate, 2.5-3 mm; ovary globose, 6-8-locular, densely pubescent; styles connate into an ovoid column, less than 1 mm, subtruncate at apex. Capsules subglobose, 12-18 × 7-10 mm, apex usually concave and puberulent to glabrous, 6-8-grooved. Fl. Apr-Sep, fr. Jul-Feb.

Open forests or scrub; 500-1200 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam].


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