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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Glochidion

18. Glochidion philippicum (Cavanilles) C. B. Robinson, Philipp. J. Sci. C 4: 103. 1909.

甜叶算盘子 tian ye suan pan zi

Bradleia philippica Cavanilles, Icon. 3: 48. 1797; Actinodaphne sieboldiana Miquel; B. philippensis Willdenow; Diasperus compressicaulis (Kurz ex Teijsmann & Binnendijk) Kuntze; D. kurzianus (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; D. philippinensis (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; D. quercinus (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; Glochidion album (Blanco) Boerlage; G. compressicaule Kurz ex Teijsmann & Binnendijk; G. ferdinandii (Müller Argoviensis) F. M. Bailey var. molle (Bentham) F. M. Bailey; G. formosanum Hayata; G. philippinense Bentham; G. quercinum (Müller Argoviensis) Boerlage; Phyllanthus albus (Blanco) Müller Argoviensis; P. compressicaulis (Kurz ex Teijsmann & Binnendijk) Müller Argoviensis; P. ferdinandii Müller Argoviensis var. mollis Bentham; P. kurzianus Müller Argoviensis; P. philippinensis (Bentham) Müller Argoviensis; P. quercinus Müller Argoviensis; Zarcoa philippica (Cavanilles) Llanos.

Trees to 12 m tall, monoecious; branchlets pubescent when young, glabrescent. Stipules ovate-triangular, 1-1.5 mm; petiole 4-6 mm; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate or oblong, 5-15 × 2.5-5.5 cm, papery or subleathery, shining dark green adaxially, brown when dry, paler abaxially, glabrous on both surfaces, base acute or broadly cuneate, usually oblique, apex acuminate to obtuse; lateral veins 6-8 pairs. Inflorescence an axillary cluster, 4-10-flowered. Male flowers: pedicels 6-7 mm; sepals 6, oblong or obovate-oblong, 1.5-2.5 mm, glabrous, yellowish green; stamens 3, connate into a cylindric column. Female flowers: pedicels 2-4 mm; sepals 6, as in male; ovary globose, pubescent, 5- or 6-locular; style column shortly conical, 5-7-fid at apex. Capsules depressed globose, 4.5-5.5 × 8-12 mm, apex with much-impressed and persistent styles, deeply 10-14-grooved, densely to sparsely pubescent; fruiting pedicels 3-8 mm. Seeds red, hemispheric, 3-3.5 mm. Fl. Mar-Aug, fr. Jul-Dec.

Evergreen broad-leaved forests; 100-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines].


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