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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Glochidion

3. Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertner) A. Jussieu, Euphorb. Gen. 107. 1824.

香港算盘子 xiang gang suan pan zi

Bradleia zeylanica Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 128. 1791; Agyneia flexuosa B. Heyne ex Wallich; A. obliqua Willdenow; B. nitida Roxburgh; B. obliqua (Willdenow) Sprengel; B. timoriensis Steudel; Diasperus brunneus (J. D. Hooker) Kuntze; D. hongkongensis (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; D. nitidus (Roxburgh) Kuntze; D. obliquus (Willdenow) Kuntze; D. perakensis (J. D. Hooker) Kuntze; D. subscandens (Zollinger & Moritzi) Kuntze; D. zeylanicus (Gaertner) Kuntze; Glochidion brunneum J. D. Hooker; G. canaranum (Müller Argoviensis) Beddome; G. glaberrimum Ridley; G. hongkongense Müller Argoviensis; G. lanceolatum var. liukiuense (Hayata) Hurusawa; G. littorale Bentham; G. liukiuense Hayata; G. nitidum (Roxburgh) Voigt; G. obliquum (Willdenow) Decaisne; G. pedunculatum Merrill; G. perakense J. D. Hooker; G. subscandens Zollinger & Moritzi; G. sumatranum Miquel; G. zeylanicum var. malayanum J. J. Smith; G. zeylanicum var. nitidum (Roxburgh) Haines; Phyllanthus canaranus Müller Argoviensis; P. hongkongensis (Müller Argoviensis) Müller Argoviensis; P. nitidus (Roxburgh) Reinwardt ex Blume; P. obliquus (Willdenow) Müller Argoviensis; P. subscandens (Zollinger & Moritzi) Müller Argoviensis; P. zeylanicus Müller Argoviensis.

Shrubs or treelets, 1-6 m tall, monoecious, glabrous throughout. Stipules triangular, persistent; petioles 5-8 mm; leaf blade oblong, ovate-oblong, or ovate, sometimes oblong-elliptic, 6-18 × 4-8 cm, leathery, base cordate, subcordate, truncate, or rounded, slightly oblique; lateral veins 5-7 pairs. Flowers in axillary clusters or in short, supra-axillary, pedunculate cymes, usually female flowers inserted at upper part of branchlets, male flowers inserted at lower part of branchlets, or female inflorescence with 1-3 flowers. Male flowers: pedicels 6-9 mm; sepals 5 or 6, connate into a column. Female flowers: sepals as in male; ovary globose, 5- or 6-locular; styles very short, connate into a very brief column. Capsules depressed globose, 8-10 × ca. 5 mm, 8-12-grooved. Seeds hemispheric, red. Fl. Mar-Aug, fr. Jul-Nov.

Humid valleys, scrub on stream banks; 100-600 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Pacific islands (Solomon Islands)].

The roots are used as medicine for coughs and pneumonia; the stem and leaves are used for treating abdominal pain and traumatic injury. The bark contains up to 6.4% tannin.


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