1. Harrisonia perforata (Blanco) Merrill, Philipp. J. Sci. C 7: 236. 1912.
牛筋果 niu jin guo
Paliurus perforatus Blanco, Fl. Filip. 174. 1837; Feroniella pubescens (Wallich ex J. D. Hooker) Tanaka; Harrisonia citrinocarpa Elmer; Lasiolepis multijuga Bennett; L. paucijuga Bennett & R. Brown; Limonia pubescens Wallich ex J. D. Hooker; P. dubius Blanco.
Shrubs nearly erect or somewhat climbing, 1-2 m tall. Leaves odd-pinnate, 3-17-foliolate, 3-14 cm; rachis usually winged; leaflet blades equilaterally or inequilaterally ovate to obovate, 1.5-4.5 × 0.7-2 cm, margin crenulate or sometimes entire, in occasional specimens some crenulations with pellucid cavities that seem to lack oil and may be hydathodes. Inflorescences cymose to racemose, to 3 cm, few to many flowered. Flowers bisexual, mostly 5-merous. Sepals ca. 1.5 mm, connate at base or to ± half their length. Petals ovate-elliptic or lanceolate, 5-7 mm. Stamens to 9 mm. Gynoecium usually 5-carpelled and -loculed; ovary glabrous, slightly lobed, ca. 1 mm; style pubescent, to 8 mm. Fruit subglobose, entire or slightly lobed, 1-1.5 cm in diam.; endocarp ca. 1 mm thick. Seeds ca. 3.5 mm. Fl. Apr-May, fr. May-Aug.
Sparse forests, scrub; low elevations. SW Guangdong (Leizhou Bandao), Hainan [Cambodia, India (Andaman Islands), Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].