168. Ilex longecaudata H. F. Comber, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 18: 54. 1933.
长尾冬青 chang wei dong qing
Trees or shrubs, evergreen, (1-)3-10 m tall. Branchlets gray to brownish when dry, terete, slender; second to third year’s branchlets with conspicuous, circular lenticels; leaf scars semicircular, convex; current year’s branchlets longitudinally plicate- sulcate, puberulent or glabrous; terminal buds conical, small, bud scales puberulent, ciliate. Stipules persistent, subuliform- deltoid; petiole 6-10 mm, abaxially longitudinally plicate, adaxially longitudinally sulcate, puberulent; leaf blade adaxially green, slightly shiny or opaque, ovate-elliptic or elliptic, 4-9 × 1-2.5 cm, leathery or thickly leathery, abaxially minutely, deeply colored glandular punctate, adaxially glabrous except on midvein, midvein impressed and puberulent adaxially, lateral veins 7-9 pairs, slightly evident abaxially or obscure on both surfaces, reticulate veins absent, base obtuse or rounded, margin entire, apex caudate-acuminate, acumen long, 8-20 mm, narrow. Inflorescences: cymes, pseudopaniculate, fasciculate, or pseudoracemose, axillary on second year’s branchlets. Male inflorescences: cymes of order (1 or)2, (1 or)3-flowered, pseudopaniculate; rachis 4-15 mm, puberulent or glabrous; bracts oblong-ovate, thickly leathery, sparsely puberulent, ciliate, apex acute; peduncles ca. 4 mm; pedicels ca. 2 mm, puberulent or glabrous; bracteoles 2, basal, or absent; flowers milky white, 4- or 5-merous; calyx patelliform, ca. 2.5 mm, deeply 4-lobed, lobes eroded, apex obtuse, minutely ciliate; corolla rotate, petals obovate, basally slightly connate; stamens 4, slightly shorter than petals, anthers ovoid-oblong; rudimentary ovary subglobose, apex truncate, 4-sulcate. Female inflorescences: 1-flowered cymes, fasciculate or pseudoracemose, densely puberulent or glabrous; pedicels 2-4 mm, puberulent or glabrous; flowers 4- or 5(or 6)-merous; calyx lobes deltoid, apex acute, ciliate or glabrous; corolla erect, petals ovate, ca. 2 × 1 mm; staminodes ca. 3/4 as long as petals, sterile anthers ovoid; ovary subglobose, ca. 2 mm in diam., stigma thickly discoid, convex. Fruit red, globose, 3-4 mm in diam.; persistent calyx explanate, 2-3 mm in diam.; persistent stigma subcolumnar or discoid, convex, style evident; pyrenes 4 or 5, ellipsoidal, ca. 2.5 mm, 1-3 mm in diam., smooth, abaxially 3-striate, not sulcate, endocarp leathery. Fl. Jul, fr. Sep-Oct.
● Evergreen broad-leaved forests, mixed forests, mountain slopes, mountain valleys; 1300-2800 m. Yunnan.