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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Ericaceae | Monotropastrum

1. Monotropastrum humile (D. Don) H. Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 36: 78. 1961.

球果假沙晶兰 qiu guo jia sha jing lan

Monotropa humilis D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 151. 1825; Cheilotheca humilis (D. Don) H. Keng; C. humilis var. glaberrima (H. Hara) H. Keng & C. F. Hsieh; C. humilis var. pubescens (K. F. Wu) C. Ling; C. macrocarpa (Andres) Y. L. Chou; C. pubescens (K. F. Wu) Y. L. Chou; Monotropa uniflora Linnaeus var. pentapetala Makino; M. uniflora var. tripetala Makino; Monotropanthum ampullaceum Andres; Monotropastrum baranovii Y. L. Chang & Y. L. Chou; M. globosum Andres ex H. Hara; M. globosum var. baranovii (Y. L. Chang & Y. L. Chou) Y. C. Zhu; M. globosum var. pentapetalum (Makino) Honda; M. globosum var. tripetalum (Makino) Honda; M. humile var. glaberrimum H. Hara; M. humile var. tripetalum (Makino) H. Hara; M. lungchuanense K. F. Wu; M. macrocarpum Andres; M. pubescens K. F. Wu; M. tschanbaischanicum Y. L. Chang & Y. L. Chou; M. tschanbaischanicum var. baranovii (Y. L. Chang & Y. L. Chou) Y. L. Chou.

Inflorescences scapose, 10–20 cm tall, 2–8 mm in diam. below flower, emerging from soil in nodding position, 1-flowered. Flowers nodding at anthesis, tubular-campanulate. Sepals 1–5, oblong, 8–20 × 2–11 mm, usually glabrous. Petals 3–5, usually oblong, 10–20 × 5–15 mm, slightly longer than sepals, abaxially glabrous, adaxially pubescent, base broadly saccate. Disk of paired, elongate, slender lobes protruding from ovary toward basal saccate portions of petals. Berries erect to nodding, white, ovoid-globose, 9–20 × 10–24 mm, seeds numerous embedded in fleshy interior. Fl. Apr–Aug, fr. May–Sep.

Damp deciduous and mixed forests; 100–2500 m. Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Indonesia (Sumatra), Japan (including Ryukyu Islands), Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia (Sakhalin), Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].


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