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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Cleidion

2. Cleidion spiciflorum (N. L. Burman) Merrill, Interpr. Herb. Amboin. 322. 1917.

长棒柄花 chang bang bing hua

Acalypha spiciflora N. L. Burman, Fl. Indica, 203. 1786; Cleidion javanicum Blume.

Trees, 5-30 m tall, dioecious. Branchlets glabrous. Stipules triangular, 2-5 mm; petiole 2-7 cm; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-lanceolate or ovate, (7-)9-30 × (2.5-)4-14 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially bearded in vein axils, base obtuse or cuneate, margin sinuate-toothed or subentire, apex acute or acuminate; lateral veins 5-9 pairs. Male inflorescences unbranched, (5-)12-21 cm, puberulent; bracts ovate, ca. 1 mm. Male flowers (3-)5-15 per bract, clusters widely spaced; pedicel 2-3 mm; sepals 3, ca. 2.5 mm; stamens 40-70. Female flower axillary, solitary; pedicel 1-7 cm, base with some bracts; sepals 4 or 5, ovate-triangular, 1.5-3 mm, scarcely enlarged in fruit; ovary 2(or 3)-locular, densely villous; styles 2(or 3), deeply 2-cleft, 1.5-3 cm. Fruiting pedicel 3.5-15 cm, ca. 5 mm in diam. at tip; capsule often 2-lobed, 2.5-3 cm wide, smooth. Seeds subglobose, 9-12 mm in diam., brownish marbled. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. May-Oct.

Valleys in evergreen or monsoon forests; 600-800(-1400) m. SE Xizang (Mêdog), SW Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal; N Australia, Pacific islands].


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