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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Glochidion

22. Glochidion ellipticum Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1906. 1852.

四裂算盘子 si lie suan pan zi

Phyllanthus assamicus Müller Argoviensis, Flora 48: 378. 1865; Diasperus ellipticus (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; D. malabaricus (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; D. wightianus Kuntze; Glochidion assamicum (Müller Argoviensis) J. D. Hooker; G. assamicum var. magnicapsulum Croizat & H. Hara; G. balakrishnanii Jothi et al.; G. diversifolium (Miquel) Merrill var. wightianum (Müller Argoviensis) Beddome; G. ellipticum var. wightianum (Müller Argoviensis) J. D. Hooker; G. malabaricum (Müller Argoviensis) Beddome; P. andersonii Müller Argoviensis; P. diversifolius Miquel var. wightianus Müller Argoviensis; P. malabaricus Müller Argoviensis.

Trees to 10 m tall, monoecious; branches glabrous. Stipules triangular, ca. 2 mm; petiole 2-3 mm; leaf blade broadly elliptic, ovate to lanceolate, 9-15 × 3.5-4.5 cm, papery or subleathery, both surfaces glabrous, abaxially brownish when dried, base obtuse, apex acuminate or shortly so; lateral veins 6-8 pairs. Flowers in bisexual axillary clusters, with many male flowers and few female flowers. Male flowers ca. 3 mm in diam.; pedicels slender, 13-20 mm, pubescent; sepals 6, oblong or obovate-oblong, pubescent outside; stamens 3; connate anthers oblong-ovoid, connectives cuspidate. Female flowers subsessile; sepals as in male; ovary globose, 3- or 4-locular, pubescent to glabrous; style column conical, glabrous. Fruiting pedicels short; capsules depressed globose, 2-3 × 6-8 mm, usually 4-locular, pericarp thinner. Seeds hemispheric, red. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Nov.

Evergreen broad-leaved forests, scrub on stream banks; 100-1700 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].


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