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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Plantaginaceae | Plantago

13. Plantago arachnoidea Schrenk in Fischer & C. A. Meyer, Enum. Pl. Nov. 1: 16. 1841.

蛛毛车前 zhu mao che qian

Plantago arachnoidea var. lorata J. Z. Liu; P. lorata (J. Z. Liu) Shipunov.

Herbs, perennial. Taproot long and thick. Leaves basal, densely arachnoid; petiole 1.5-2.5 cm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic, lanceolate, or linear, 2-8(-15) × 0.3-1.2(-1.5) cm, papery, veins 1 or 3, base attenuate, margin entire, repand, or repand-crenate, apex acute to acuminate. Spikes cylindric to narrowly cylindric, 1-2.5(-5) cm, densely flowered or interrupted basally; peduncle 5-20 cm; bracts broadly ovate to ovate, 2-3 mm, margin arachnoid, keel broad and not extending to apex. Sepals as long as bract, keel not extending to apex, margin and apex arachnoid; lower sepals broadly elliptic; upper sepals broadly obovate-elliptic to orbicular. Corolla white, glabrous; lobes broadly ovate, 1-1.5 mm, patent to reflexed, apex acute. Stamens adnate to near apex of corolla tube, exserted; anthers yellow when dry, ellipsoid, ca. 1.2 mm. Pyxis ovoid to narrowly ovoid, 3-4 mm, circumscissile near base, with 1 or 2 seeds. Seeds yellowish brown to blackish brown, oblong to ellipsoid, (1.5-)1.8-2.8 mm, ventral face flat; cotyledons parallel to ventral side. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Aug.

Stony mountain slopes, saline habitats, meadows; 700-3500 m. Xinjiang [Kazakhstan].


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