All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Capparidaceae

Cleome (Linn.) DC.


Description from Flora of China

Herbs, annual, sparsely branched, glandular pubescent or glabrous, lacking spines. Stipules absent or scalelike and caducous. Leaves alternate, spirally arranged, pinnately compound; petiole long or short, with a pulvinus at basal or distal end; leaflets [1 or]3-7[-11]; petiolule bases connate, forming a pulvinar disk; leaflet blades lanceolate to oblanceolate, margin entire or serrulate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary from apical leaves, racemose, sometimes flat-topped or elongated, elongating in fruit; bract present [or absent] at base of pedicels. Flowers slightly zygomorphic. Sepals 4, equal, connate for ca. 1/2 their length, each often subtending a basal nectary. Petals 4, distinct, equal. Stamens [4-]6, distinct; filaments inserted on a discoid or conical receptacle (androgynophore). Gynophore slender, elongating and recurving in fruit or sometimes obsolete; carpel 1; style 0.2-0.8 mm, thick; stigma 1, capitate. Fruit an oblong capsule, dehiscent. Seeds 10-40 per capsule, reniform, arillate or not; cleft fused between 2 ends of seed.

The center of diversity of Cleome is SW Asia with only one true Cleome naturalized in China. Other native and non-native species formerly included in Cleome are placed in Arivela, Cleoserrata, Gynandropsis, and Tarenaya following Iltis and Cochrane (Novon 17: 447-451. 2007).

About 20 species: Old World warm-temperate and tropical areas; one species (introduced) in China.

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  

Flora of Chile  
  • PDF
  • PDF
    Flora of China  
  • Cleome (PDF)
  • PDF
    Trees and shrubs of the Andes of Ecuador  
  • Cleome sp.
  • Image/JPEG

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |