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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Fabaceae | Wisteria

Wisteria sinensis Sweet


Description from Flora of China

Glycine sinensis Sims, Bot. Mag. 46: t. 2083. 1819; Wis­teria alba Lindley; W. praecox Handel-Mazzetti; W. sinensis f. alba (Lindley) Rehder & E. H. Wilson; W. sinensis var. albi­flora Lemaire.

Lianas, to 25 m. Stems twined leftward, white villous when young, soon glabrescent. Leaves 7-13-foliolate; rachis 15-25 cm, including petiole 3-5 cm; leaflet blades elliptic-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, 5-8 × 2-4 cm with basal pair smallest and becoming larger apically, both surfaces appressed pubescent when young but glabrescent, base rounded to cuneate and some­what asymmetric, apex attenuate to caudate. Racemes terminal or axillary from branchlets of previous year, 15-30 × 8-10 cm, white villous. Pedicel 2-3 cm, slender. Flowers 2-2.5 cm, fra­grant. Calyx with adaxial tooth longer than others. Corolla pur­ple or occasionally white; standard orbicular, sometimes retuse, glabrous, apex truncate. Ovary tomentose, with 6-8 ovules. Leg­ume oblanceolate, 10-15 × 1.5-2 cm, tomentose, hanging on branches persistently. Seeds 1-3 per legume, brown, thickly len­ticular, ca. 1.5 cm in diam., shiny. Fl. Apr-May, fr. May-Aug. 2n = 16.

This species is cultivated extensively in areas beyond its native range.

Mountain forests; 500-1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, NE Guangxi, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, S Shanxi, Zhejiang [Japan].


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