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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Sapindaceae | Nephelium

Nephelium chryseum Bl.


Description from Flora of China

Trees, evergreen, 10-20 m tall or more. Branches striate, grayish brown when dry, ferruginous pubescent when young. Leaves with petiole 20-40 cm; leaflets (2-)4 pairs; petiolules 5-8 mm; blades 6-18 × 2.5-7.5 cm, thinly leathery, glaucous, pilose abaxially, lateral veins 9-14 pairs or more, prominent and nitid abaxially, smooth or slightly concave adaxially, base
and apex nearly acute. Inflorescences many branched, male ones nearly as long as leaves, female ones shorter. Calyx ca. 1.5 mm, densely pilose. Disk pilose. Stamens 7 or 8; filaments ca. 3 mm, villous. Ovary 2-lobed, 2-loculed, pilose. Fruit red, ellipsoid, 4-5 × 3-4 cm including spines; spines ca. 1 cm or longer, bilaterally compressed, base broad, apex acute, hooklike. Fl. spring, fr. summer.

The fruit is edible.

Dense forests; 500-1500 m. W Guangdong, S Guangxi, S Yunnan [Borneo, Philippines, Vietnam].


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