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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Lecythidaceae | Barringtonia

Barringtonia racemosa (Linn.) Spreng.


Description from Flora of China

Eugenia racemosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 471. 1753; Barringtonia ceylanica (Miers) Gardner ex C. B. Clarke; B. elon gata Korthals; B. timorensis Blume; Butonica apiculata Miers; B. ceylanica Miers; B. inclyta Miers; B. terrestris Miers.

Shrubs or trees to 27 m tall. Branches pendulous, gray-brown; bark smooth or fissured. Leaves petiolate; petiole 2-15 mm, winged; leaf blade obovate-oblong, 20-35 × 6-14 cm, base cuneate, margin serrate-crenulate, apex acute or acumi-nate. Racemes usually terminal or in axils of fallen leaves, pendulous, many flowered; bracts triangular, 5-6 mm; bracteoles triangular, 1.5-2 mm. Pedicel to 2.5 cm. Flowers 6-9 mm. Calyx 2-4-lobed, 10-12 cm at anthesis; tube ca. 2.5 mm. Petals 4, green or tinged red or yellow, oblong, 1-1.3 × 0.5-0.8 cm. Stamens in 5 or 6 whorls, innermost sterile; tube 3.5-6 mm; filaments red, proximally white or pink, 3-3.5 cm; staminodes 10-13 mm. Ovary 2-4-loculed, 1.5-3.5 mm; ovules 2 or 3 per locule; style 4-6 cm. Fruit ovoid-cylindric, 4-angled, 5-9 × 3-4 cm; pericarp fibrous but somewhat fleshy. Seed ovoid, 2-4 cm. Fl. and fr. almost year-round. 2n = 52.

Seashores, along tidal rivers, estuaries. Hainan, Taiwan [Japan; Australia, Old World tropics].


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