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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Rosaceae | Rhaphiolepis

3. Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunberg) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 16: 13. 1902.

厚叶石斑木 hou ye shi ban mu

Description from Flora of China

Laurus umbellata Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 384. 1784; Mespilus sieboldii Blume; Opa japonica Seemann; Rhaphiolepis indica (Linnaeus) Lindley f. umbellata (Thunberg) S. Hatusima; R. indica var. umbellata (Thunberg) H. Ohashi; Rhaphiolepis japonica Siebold & Zuccarini var. integerrima J. D. Hooker; R. ovata Briot; R. umbellata f. integerrima (J. D. Hooker) Rehder; R. umbellata f. ovata (Briot) C. K. Schneider.

Shrubs or small trees, 2–4 m tall. Branchlets blackish brown, terete, initially brown pubescent, glabrescent. Stipules not seen; petiole 5–10 mm, subglabrous; leaf blade greenish abaxially, dark green adaxially, narrowly elliptic, ovate, or obovate (2–)4–10 × (1.2–)2–4 cm, thickly leathery, reticulate veins conspicuous abaxially, adaxially slightly lustrous, base cuneate, margin entire or remotely crenate, slightly revolute, apex obtuse to slightly acute. Panicle terminal, many flowered; peduncle densely brown pubescent; bracts not seen. Pedicel absent or 1–2 mm, densely brown pubescent. Hypanthium obconical, densely brown pubescent. Sepals lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate, longer than hypanthium, 3–4.5 mm, abaxially sparsely brown pubescent, adaxially densely so, margin entire, apex acuminate. Petals white, obovate, 1–1.2 cm, glabrous, apex obtuse. Stamens 20, shorter than petals. Ovary 2-loculed, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 2, connate at base. Pome blackish purple, globose, 7–10 mm in diam., glaucescent; fruiting pedicel 2–5 mm, glabrous; sepals caducous, leaving an annular ring. Fl. Apr–Jun, fr. Sep–Nov.

Taiwan, E Zhejiang (Putuo Xian, Tiantai Xian) [Japan].


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