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Averrhoaceae

Y. NASIR


Stewart Herbarium, Gordon College, Rawalpindi.

Trees, shrubs or climbers. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, exstipulate; leaflets entire, alternate to subopposite. Flowers small, regular, bisexual, in axillary racemes or panicles. Sepals 5, free. Petals 5, free or united, conĀ¬torted. Stamens 10, obdiplostemonous; sometimes only 5 fertile; filaments shortly connate at the base; anthers introrse, with longitudinal dehiscence. Disc absent. Pistil syncarpous; ovary 5-locular, 5-lobed; styles 5, free; stigma capitate; placentation axile with numerous ovules. Fruit fleshy, 5-lobed, indehiscent or loculicidal. Seeds several, exarillate or arillate; endosperm scanty.

A small tropical family of 3 genera and 16 species; found mainly in W. Malaysia, Madagascar, Burma and S. America; widely cultivated.

The family is sometimes included in the Oxalidaceae, from which it differs in its arboreal habit, the fruit which is a berry and the scanty endosperm.

Acknowledgement: We are grateful to the United States Department of Agriculture for financing this research under P. L. 480.

Lower Taxon

Related Synonym(s):


 

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