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Pakistan | Family List | Boraginaceae

11. Anchusa L., Sp. Pl. 133. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5.64.1754; Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:154.1875; M. Popov in Schischkin, Fl. URSS. 19:298.1958; Riedl in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 48:233.1967; Kazmi in J. Arn. Arb. 52:669.1971; D.F. Chamberlain in Davis Fl. Turk. 6:388.1978.


Annual, biennial or perennial prostrate or erect herbs with hairy parts; hairs stiff and arising from a swollen base. Leaves usually lanceolate, entire or not. Inflorescence a terminal cyme, ± elongating in fruit. Flowers reddish-purple or white to blue (in our species), bracteate, regular or slightly irregular. Throat scales well developed. Corolla infundibuliform to hypocrateriform, the tube curved in irregular flowers. Stamens subsessile, attached ± at the middle of tube or reaching the throat scales. Style included, stigma capitate. Nutlets 4, erect to suberect, rugulose, tuberculate, basal ring ± thick and rugulose.

Species 30-40, mainly Mediterreanean; also Europe, Africa and W. Asia. Represented in Pakistan by 2 species.

1 Perennial. Corolla 12-15 mm long, straight, Anthers at the same level as the throat scales   2 Anchusa azurea
+ Annual. Corolla 4.5-6 mm long, geniculate. Anthers located below the throat scales   1 Anchusa arvensis

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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