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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae

Anthoxanthum Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:28. 1753. Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 17. 1754; Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:470. 1884; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:221. 1896; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:163. 1940; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 431. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:335. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 353. 1976; Tutin in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:229. 1980.

Annuals or perennials. Panicles contracted, spike-like. Spikelets 3-flowered, the lowest florets reduced to sterile (rarely male) lemmas, the uppermost bisexual; rhachilla disarticulating above the glumes, not, or scarcely, produced; glumes membranous with hyaline margins, the upper as long as the spikelet; the lower about half as long; sterile lemmas narrowly oblong, brown, hairy, bilobed, the lower with a short straight awn from above the middle of the back, the upper with a geniculate awn from below the middle; fertile lemma rotund, shorter than the sterile lemmas, cartilaginous; palea as long as the lemma, 1-nerved; stamens 2; stigmas 2, pubescent.

A genus of about 20 species in temperate Europe and Asia, in the highlands of tropical Africa and Asia and in South Africa; introduced to America; 1 species occurs in Pakistan.

All the species are sweetly scented with coumarin.

Lower Taxon


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