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Pakistan | Family List | Palmae

2. Borassus L., Sp. Pl. 1187. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5. 494. 1754; Becc. & Hook. f., in Hook. F., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:481. 1894; Talbot, For. Fl. 2.560. 1911; Benthal, Trees Calc. (Reprint ed.) 422. 1946; Whitmore, Palms Mal. 41.1773.


Very tall dioecious fan leaved plams. Leaves massive, yellowish with broad split base; lamina 90-120 cm across; leaflets induplicate, a thread hanging form each sinus. Petiole armed with irregular spines; a hastula on both surfaces. Inflorescence very long, sheathed with several bracts which are tubular at base; male inflorescence not much branched; male flowers very small, in depressions within imbricating bracts; sepals 3, wedge-shaped, imbricate; petals 3, smaller then sepals, imbricate, obovate-spathulate. Stamens 6, filaments connate with corolla; anthers large, oblong. Female inflorescence less branched than the male; female flowers much large, solitary globose; perianth fleshy; sepals 3, imbricte; petals 3, small convolute; staminodes 6-9; ovary globose, 3-4-celled; ovule orthotropous. Fruit 15-20 cm in diameter; wall fibrous, containing 3 seeds, each with a hard stony wall; endosperm homogeneous.

A genus with 7 species, distributed in Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Indo-china E. java, lesser Sunda Islands, Ceylon, Malaya and India, New Guinea. Repersented in Pakistan by one rarely cultivated speces.

Lower Taxon

Related Synonym(s):


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