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Department of Botany, Gordon College, Rawalpindi.

Trees, shrubs or herbs. Leaves simple, alternate, glabrous: Inflorescence leaf opposed, usually a raceme. Flowers small, apetalous, bisexual or unisexual, regular. Plants dioecious. Stamens few to many on a disc, polyandrous. Carpels 2 to many, free or united; ovary superior; ovule 1 in each loculus. Fruit a berry or 1 seeded drupe.

A family of about 12 genera and l00 species with many ornamental plants. They are mostly tropical or sub tropical in America, chiefly South America. A few species are found in Europe, Asia and Africa.

1 Leaves lanceolate to ovate, 5-30 cm long. Peduncle stout. Flowers 5-merous, in dense racemes   Phytolacca
+ Leaves 2-10 cm long, oval to ovate. Peduncle not stout. Flowers 4 merous, laxly arranged   Rivina

Lower Taxa


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