23. Gardenia *Ellis in Phil. Trans. Linn. Soc. 2: 935. 1761. Beath. & Hook., f., Gen. Pl. 2: 89. 1873; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 115. 1880; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2: 601. 1902; Bor & Raizada in Beata. Ind. Climb. Slur. & Tr. 83. 1954; Bailey, St. Cycl. Hon. 2: 1314. 1950.
S. NAZIMUDDIN AND M. QAISER
Mostly evergreen small trees or shrubs. Leaves opposite or temate; subsessile, coriaceous; intrapetiolar stipules rarely connate. Flowers large, axillary solitary rarely corymbose. Calyx tubular, ovoid or obconical, sometimes split on one side or variously lobed, persistent. Corolla white or pale yellow, 5-12-lobed, salver-shaped or cylindrical. Stamens equal in number to the corolla-lobes, inserted at the throat of corolla-tube, anthers sessile or subsessile; pollen in tetrads. Ovary one-loculed, placentation parietal, ovules many, style short and thick, stigma large, club shaped or 2-cleft. Fruit fleshy or coriaceous, endocarp woody. Seeds many, embedded in the placenta, compressed.
A genus with about 250 species, distributed in the tropics and subtropics of the old world; represented in Pakistan by one cultivated species.