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Pakistan | Family List | Rubiaceae

21. Morinda *L., Sp. Pl. 176. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5. 81. 1754; Roxb., H. Ind. ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 541. 1824; DC., Prodr. 4: 446. 1830; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 155. 1881; Ridley, Fl. Malay. Penin. 2. 117. 1923; Bailey, St. Cycl. Hon. 2: 2067. 1948; Corner, Way-side Tr. Malaya ed. 2. 1952; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2: 42. 1958 (Rep. ed.); Hepper & Keay in Hutch.. Fl. W. Trop. Aft. 2: 188. 1963.


Shrubs or trees, sometimes woody climbers, branches angular or terete. Leaves 2 or 3 in a whorl, usually membranous. Stipules leafy, free or connate forming a sheath with the petiole. Flowers in axillary or terminal globose peduncled head, sessile, white; connate by the calyces. Calyx-tube short, fleshy, urceolate-hemispherical; limbs almost absent, slightly toothed, persistent. Corolla ± coriaceous, tube ± long or shod, throat hairy, (4-) 5 (7-)-lobed, lobes coriaceous, valvate in bud. Stamens as many as corolla lobes, inserted on the throat; filaments short; anthem linear or oblong. Ovary 2 or falsely 4-Jocular, ovules solitary, attached to the septum below the middle or near the base; style slender, 2-fid, branches long or short. Fruit a compound succulent berry, formed by the persistent fleshy calyces, enclosing cartilaginous or bony 1-seeded pyrenes. Seeds obovoid or reniform, testa membranous.

A genus of c. 80 species distributed mostly in tropics. Represented by one cultivated species in Pakistan.

Lower Taxon


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