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Pakistan | Family List | Amaranthaceae

Pupalia Juss., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris. 2:132. 1803. Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:995. 1879; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 723. 1885; Schinz in E. and P., Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 16c: 47. 1934.

Pupalia lappacea

Credit: M.Y. Saleem

  • Pupal Adanson

    Perennial herbs with entire, opposite leaves. Inflorescence terminal on the stem and branches, spicate, bracteate, formed of lateral clusters of 3 hermaphrodite flowers with each of the outer 2 bracteolate and subtended on the outer sides with a pair of bracteolate modified flowers consisting of a number of sharply hooked spines, or in part of solitary bibracteolate hermaphrodite flowers subtended by 2 such modified flowers; bracteoles and spines of modified flowers at first very small, rapidly accrescent, the spines finally set in 3 stalked clusters of mostly 5-10 spines on a common peduncle, much exceeding the perianth and serving as a means of distributing the fruit. Bracts persistent, finally ± deflexed, perianth falling with the fruit. Perianth segments 5. Stamens 5, the filaments rather solid, fused at the base into a fleshy, lobed, disk-like cup into which the base of the ovary is narrowed; pseudostaminodes absent. Style slender, stigma capitate. Ovary with a single pendulous ovule. Fruit a thin-walled utricle, irregularly ruptured below the middle by the developing seed. Seed ovoid, slightly compressed. Endosperm copious.

    Probably at most 2-3 species in the tropics of the Old World from Africa to India and Malaysia.

    Type species: Pupalia lappacea (L.) Juss.

    Lower Taxon

    Related Synonym(s):


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